In the example below, you can see the notes represented by each one of the lines and spaces of the stave with a bass or F clef. We have included the ledger lines.

The higher C on the first superior ledger line is the middle C.

Note: Our readers suggest the following phrase for remembering the notes on the lines:

Good Boys Deserve Fudge Always


Great Big Dogs From America

And for the notes in the spaces:

All Cows Eat Grass

Suggested by Joe from the United Kingdom and by Kevin from the US. Thanks!

See Reading Music in the Tutorials section.

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José Rodríguez Alvira.