Sonata form is commonly used in first movements of symphonies. In Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major a first section (A) in the main key of E-flat major in bars 1 to 83 followed by the traditional second section (B) in the dominant key (B-flat major) in bars 83 to 155. However, section A includes another exposition with its two sections: bars 1 to 45 in the main key (we will call this section Aa) and bars 45 to 83 in the dominant key (we will call it section Ab).

This image illustrates the form of the exposition:

Follows the first movement of the Symphony in E flat major known as Eroica:


 
 



  

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José Rodríguez Alvira.