The system of classification of 3 and 4 voices fugues according to the order of voice entries in the expositions we propose summarizes all possible combinations using simple circles like the following ones.

For 4 voices fugues:

For 3 voices fugues:

How do they work? They all work in the same way. We'll use circle *c1* as example:

### Circle *c1*

**Possible combinations:**

SBTA

SATB

ASBT

ATBS

TASB

TBSA

BTAS

BSAT

Circle *c1* resumes 8 possible combinations. Here is how we use it:

- We can start in any voice (S = soprano, A = alto, T = tenor and B = bass).
- Once we have selected a voice we can move along the circle in any direction.

## The other circles

### Circle *c2*

**Possible combinations:**

STAB

SBAT

ABST

ATSB

TABS

TSBA

BSTA

BATS

### Circle *c3*

**Possible combinations:**

SABT

STBA

ABTS

ASTB

TSAB

TBAS

BTSA

BAST

### Circle *c0*

**Possible combinations:**

SBA

SAB

ASB

ABS

BAS

BSA

### Nomenclature

We propose the following method for naming the various combinations:

- We first identify the circle:
*c1*
- Followed by the voice:
*c1b* means we will use the circle *c1*, beginning with the bass.
- Finally the direction, + clockwise direction, - counterclockwise direction. For example: c1b+ means c1, beginning with the bass in clockwise direction.

See Classification of 3 and 4 voices fugues by J. S. Bach according to the order of voices entry in the exposition.